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children's rights violations in china

It also noted the ITUC’s allegation that, despite efforts by the Chinese authorities to stem the problem of trafficking in women and children, grassroots authorities had generally failed to take effective action, emphasising that the problem lay in the implementation of the law and not in the legislation itself. Phase II includes concrete actions to strengthen the implementation of provincial Plans of Action against trafficking, equip vulnerable youth with life skills before they migrate for work, set up trafficking prevention mechanisms and safe migration services and support referral services for vulnerable women and children. Know more [Virtual Event] Launch of the Resource Book: Public Budgeting for Children’s Rights in the Philippines. 11 (1999) on plans of action for primary education and 13 (1999) on the right to education, the Committee calls upon the State party to take effective measures to ensure that all children, including migrant children and ethnic minority children, have access to free compulsory primary education. The Committee further requests the Government to provide information on the concrete steps taken to eradicate these types of forced or compulsory labour, and on the results achieved._________________________________________________________________. The Committee notes the statement in the ITUC communication that at present, different regions provide different measures for the children of migrant workers, and these plans may shift according to the whim of the local government, resulting in a failure to provide stable education to these children. It is also concerned that prostitutes may be kept in administrative detention without due process of law. The Committee also notes the Government’s indication that it engages in the monitoring of provinces, cities and counties to review the effect given to the policies exempting students from tuition and incidental fees (in both rural and urban areas). In its previous comments, the Committee noted the ITUC’s allegations that, according to the hukou system (household registration), migrant workers’ children, who travel with their parents to a city where they have no right to register as permanent residents, are not allowed access to schooling provided by the local governments. The Committee welcomes the amendment to mainland China’s criminal procedure code and the current discussions on reforming the Re-Education Through Labour Programme (RTL). The Committee welcomes the amendment to mainland China’s criminal procedure code and the current discussions on reforming the Re-Education Through Labour Programme (RTL). Students whose families are entitled to minimum living standards are given free textbooks and boarding school students receive livelihood subsidies. It asks the State party to provide sufficient community-based services and assistance also in rural areas. It further urges mainland China to: It should be noted that almost two thirds of children who are not attending school in China are girls. International Labour OrganisationDirect Request on Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. (Paragraphs 17 and 18)While noting that legal measures prohibiting sex-selective abortions and female infanticide and other measures are in place, such as the nationwide campaign, "Operation Caring for Girls", launched in 2006 and a system of incentives, the Committee remains concerned at the persistence of illegal practices of sex-selective abortion, female infanticide and the non-registration and abandonment of female children, and about forced abortions. These procedures allowed for prolonged incommunicado detention and increased the risk of torture and other ill-treatment and forced … The Committee fears that children with disabilities in the State party are at a high risk of abandonment by their parents and are often placed in isolated institutions. The Committee requests the State party to provide information in its next periodic report in this regard, including information on women belonging to ethnic minority groups (Paragraph 65) Another source of exclusion is the household registration system (hukou), the result of which is that, depending on their place of registration, individuals have different entitlements to basic services in the areas of health, education and basic income guarantees. The Committee expresses concern at the persistence of deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and society, reflected in concerns such as son-preference, which lead to high adverse sex-ratio and illegal sex-selective abortion. 138)Published: 2010, Article 2(3) of the Convention. The Committee expressed its concern that these Regulations only exempt children under 16 years of age from productive labour. (Paragraphs 66 and 67) The Government indicated that, since 2006, the juvenile delinquent rehabilitation institutions have made efforts to increasingly conduct teaching in a classroom format and enhance training in vocational skills. And some may be forced to break the law. Xi Jinping continued to hold the three most powerful positions as … The Committee notes the information in the Government’s report that section 75 of the prison law states that the execution of criminal punishments on juvenile delinquents shall be based on education and reform, that this labour shall conform to the characteristics of minors, and the main objective of this labour is to acquire an elementary education. International Labour Organisation The Committee further noted the Government’s statement that it had developed a variety of policy measures to ensure equal access to compulsory education for these children, including a 2005 circular explicitly providing that the policy in place for urban students would similarly apply to the children of migrant workers from rural areas and a 2006 State Council document aiming to ensure equal access to compulsory schooling for the children of migrant workers. By the end of 2009, seven border liaison offices for combating cross-border human trafficking had been established. It encourages the State party to monitor the results of such efforts and to include in its next periodic report detailed statistics on the use by women of the legal system to obtain redress for discrimination in all fields covered by the Convention, and trends over time. (e) Children, especially in vulnerable situations, such as children in poverty, face several obstacles to accessing justice, including inadequate access to legal aid and lack of independent legal aid. Nonetheless, the Committee notes the information in the UNESCO 2010 report entitled Education for All: Global Monitoring Report (UNESCO EFA report) that, while the Government has introduced reforms, the hukou system continues to hinder access to education for the children of migrant workers. (Paragraphs 35 and 36), UN Special Rapporteur on the right to foodCountry visit: 15 to 23 December 2010Report published: 20 January 2012, Another source of exclusion is the household registration system (hukou), the result of which is that, depending on their place of registration, individuals have different entitlements to basic services in the areas of health, education and basic income guarantees. 1.Sale and trafficking of children.  Article 7(1). _________________________________________________________________Forced abortions and sterilisationsUN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013) The Committee nonetheless notes the information in the report entitled “Child Trafficking in East and South-East Asia: Reversing the Trend”, published by the UNICEF East Asia and Pacific Regional Office in August 2009 (UNICEF Trafficking Report) that trafficking occurs in every province in China, with most victims trafficked to the provinces of Guangdong, Shanxi, Fujian, Henan, Sichuan, Guangxi and Jiangsu (page 31). The report is based on the findings of undercover investigators employed at Zhengzhou Foxconn factory, one of whom worked there for over four years. [The Committee] further recommends that [the State party]: It requests the State party to enhance enforcement of the law against trafficking to ensure that those who traffic and sexually exploit women and girls are prosecuted and punished, and to provide all necessary assistance to the victims of trafficking. Realization of Children’s Rights Index : 7.85 / 10 Orange level : Noticeable problems, Population: 1,35 billion Pop. These violations are listed in no particular order. Mainland China should also ensure that children with disabilities are involved in the formulation and implementation of the policies and plans affecting them at all levels;(b) Independently monitor all cases of disability-based discrimination in mainland China and in Hong Kong SAR and Macau SAR and provide effective remedies in cases of violations of the rights of children with disabilities;(c) Prevent and eliminate institutional-based care for children with disabilities in mainland China and take immediate steps for the deinstitutionalisation within a reasonable timeframe and develop family and community-based care and services as alternatives to institutional care;(d) Further develop screening services for prevention and early detection of disabilities in mainland China, Hong Kong SAR and Macau SAR, and provide proper follow-up and early development programmes;(e) Promptly identify and remove all the barriers, including physical that prevent students with disabilities from entering and staying in the mainstream system in mainland China, in Hong Kong SAR and Macau SAR and reallocate resources from the special education system to promote the inclusive education in mainstream schools;(f) Intensify its efforts to tackle bullying of children with disabilities in schools in Hong Kong SAR, including by teaching human rights, peace and tolerance, providing vocational education for teachers and employing special assistance for children in the classes. The Committee is also concerned at the lack of reliable information, including statistics, on the extent of the problem of sexual exploitation of women and children in the State party, including prostitution, sale and trafficking in persons. 11 (1999) on plans of action for primary education and 13 (1999) on the right to education, the Committee calls upon the State party to take effective measures to ensure that all children, including migrant children and ethnic minority children, have access to free compulsory primary education. However, the Committee noted the indication from several sources that the phenomenon of trafficking for the purposes of forced physical labour and prostitution was worsening. The ITUC states that, while buying trafficked children carries a sentence of three years’ imprisonment, the vast majority of buyers are not prosecuted, particularly if the child is not harmed and the buyer cooperates with the police. 1.Sale and trafficking of children. . The Committee previously noted that the law fails to guarantee funding for compulsory education, thus forcing or allowing many schools, particularly in rural regions, to collect tuition and other fees. Nevertheless each year thousands of children leave school. The Committee requests the State party to provide information in its next periodic report in this regard, including information on women belonging to ethnic minority groups (Paragraph 65), While noting that legal measures prohibiting sex-selective abortions and female infanticide and other measures are in place, such as the nationwide campaign, "Operation Caring for Girls", launched in 2006 and a system of incentives, the Committee remains concerned at the persistence of illegal practices of sex-selective abortion, female infanticide and the non-registration and abandonment of female children, and about forced abortions. measles, or problems with teeth). The Government further states that juveniles are housed separately from adult inmates, in reformatories that attend to the psychological and physiological needs of the minors and that all provinces have established separate juvenile delinquent rehabilitation institutions, which provide classroom education, psychological services, vocational and technical education (following the completion of compulsory schooling) and family visits. It is also concerned that prostitutes may be kept in administrative detention without due process of law. It is further concerned at the increased prevalence of child trafficking and exploitation in mainland China and Macau SAR especially for the purpose of labour and sexual exploitation. International Labour OrganisationDirect request on Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. (Paragraphs 6 and 7), UN Committee against TortureLast reported: 7 and 10 November 2008Concluding Observations issued: 21 November 2008, The Committee appreciates the promulgation of the following new regulations:(d) The prohibition of corporal punishment of children in schools and judicial processes. Sharon Hom, Executive Director and Professor of Law Emerita (CUNY School of Law), leads HRIC’s human rights and media advocacy, as well as strategic policy engagement with NGOs, governments, and multi-stakeholder initiatives.Sharon Hom taught law for 18 years, including training judges, lawyers, and law teachers at eight law schools in China over a 14-year period in the 1980s and 1990s. It calls upon the State party to systematically compile detailed data on cross-border and internal trafficking, reflecting the age and ethnic background of the victims. The Committee has taken note of the policy of bilingual education for ethnic minorities of the State party, including the range of bilingual teaching models. The Committee also urges the State party to make every effort, including the adoption of preventive measures, to ensure that those children who engage in labour do not work under conditions that are harmful to them. The Committee requests the State party to provide in its next report comprehensive information and data on the trafficking of women and girls as well as on the impact of measures taken and results achieved in this regard. China’s two-child policy is a false triumph for human rights. International Labour OrganisationIndividual Observation on Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. In learning another dialect etc ), 8 being reduced live in China development of comprehensive strategies or for. Services is limited, making Tibet the Worst Forms of Child rights campaigners, researchers and interested! 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