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romania meaning in english

[170][171], The 1938 Munich Agreement convinced King Carol II that France and the United Kingdom could not defend Romanian interests. [155] King Ferdinand again mobilised the Romanian army on behalf of the Entente Powers a day before Germany capitulated on 11 November 1918. [269] Total defence spending in 2007 accounted for 2.05% of total national GDP, or approximately US$2.9 billion, with a total of $11 billion spent between 2006 and 2011 for modernization and acquisition of new equipment. [273], Romania contributed troops to the international coalition in Afghanistan beginning in 2002,[274] with a peak deployment of 1,600 troops in 2010 (which was the 4th largest contribution according to the US). { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, 'cap': true [169] The King promulgated a new constitution and dissolved the political parties in 1938, replacing the parliamentary system with a royal dictatorship. From the remaining population, 195,569 people belong to other Christian denominations or have another religion, which includes 64,337 Muslims (mostly of Turkish and Tatar ethnicity) and 3,519 Jewish (Jews once constituted 4% of the Romanian population—728,115 persons in the 1930 census). { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, [29] Romania is also the official English-language spelling used by the Romanian government. [237] Natural and semi-natural ecosystems cover about 47% of the country's land area. [184] To facilitate the coordination of their activities against Antonescu's regime, the National Liberal and National Peasants' parties established the National Democratic Bloc, which also included the Social Democratic and Communist parties. iasLog("exclusion label : mcp"); [260], In the past, recent governments have stated that one of their goals is to strengthen ties with and helping other countries (in particular Moldova, Ukraine, and Georgia) with the process of integration with the rest of the West. Care este povestea "Campioanei Provinciei, "FC Petrolul – UTA Arad/Duelul celor zece titluri! }, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, }, Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. Also Virginia Ruzici won the French Open in 1978, and was runner-up in 1980, Simona Halep won the French Open in 2018 and Wimbledon in 2019 after losing her first three Grand Slam finals. [430] Țuică is a strong plum brandy reaching a 70% alcohol content which is the country's traditional alcoholic beverage, taking as much as 75% of the national crop (Romania is one of the largest plum producers in the world). // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown Romania also ranks sixth in the all-time medal count at the International Olympiad in Informatics with 107 total medals, dating back to 1989. [179] Romanian and German troops massacred at least 160,000 local Jews in these territories; more than 105,000 Jews and about 11,000 Gypsies died during their deportation from Bessarabia to Transnistria. [349] Starting in December 2014, Romania became a co-owner of the International Space Station. var dfpSlots = {}; Arta populara", "Winter holidays and Christmas traditions in Romania: the Bear dance, the Masked carolers and the Goat", "ROMANIA – Traditions and Folklore – Official Travel and Tourism Information", "Ministrul Agriculturii: UE accepta ca mieii de Pasti si porcii de Craciun sa fie sacrificati in mod traditional – Actualitate", "Martisor, a Spring celebration for Eastern Europeans", "Christina Bradatan, Cuisine and Cultural Identity in Balkans", "Romanian Recipes – like mom used to make", "28 Romanian Foods The Whole World Should Know – oneJive", "Retete traditionale Moldova: retete peste sau cu carne de porc", "Bucatarie romaneasca – Cultura si retete – Articole", "Țuica production consumed 75% of Romanian plums in 2003", "Football's impact in the Romanian economy reaches EUR 740 million annually, FRF estimates show", "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking – Associations – Romania – Men's", "Gheorghe Hagi: the Maradona of the Carpathians", "Nicolae Dobrin: Romania's true greatest ever player", "European Footballer of the Year ("Ballon d'Or") 1970", "Video Un Rio Formidabil: Mircea Lucescu, atacant dreapta în echipa de vis", "Former Romania captain Costica Stefanescu dies aged 62", "Concluzia dura a unei legende de la Steaua: Totul e un dezastru! The Carpathian Mountains dominate the centre of Romania, with 14 mountain ranges reaching above 2,000 m or 6,600 ft—the highest is Moldoveanu Peak at 2,544 m or 8,346 ft.[236]:11 They are surrounded by the Moldavian and Transylvanian plateaus, the Carpathian Basin and the Wallachian plains. The process succeeded in repaying all of Romania's foreign government debt in 1989. [118] The organization of the Transylvanian Military Frontier caused further disturbances, especially among the Székelys in 1764. Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence. [458] Dinamo București reached the Champions League semi-final in 1984 and the Cup Winners' Cup semi-final in 1990. [268], The Romanian Armed Forces consist of land, air, and naval forces led by a Commander-in-chief under the supervision of the Ministry of National Defence, and by the president as the Supreme Commander during wartime. [41][43] After Burebista was murdered in 44 BC, his empire collapsed. [324][325], Most popular skiing resorts are along the Valea Prahovei and in Poiana Brașov. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); [244] The country had a had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 5.95/10, ranking it 90th globally out of 172 countries. The average annual temperature is 11 °C (52 °F) in the south and 8 °C (46 °F) in the north. } [217] During 2017–2018, in response to measures which were perceived to weaken the fight against corruption, some of the biggest protests since 1989 took place in Romania, with over 500,000 people protesting across the country. Romania in British English. [420] Winter holidays include the Christmas and New Year festivities during which various unique folklore dances and games are common: plugușorul, sorcova, ursul, and capra. Over 12.8 million passengers flew through Bucharest's Henri Coandă International Airport in 2017. In November 1940, Romania signed the Tripartite Pact and, consequently, in June 1941 entered World War II on the Axis side, fighting against the Soviet Union until August 1944, when it joined the Allies and recovered Northern Transylvania. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, Countries, nationalities & continents: country names. [224][225] However, Romania's development suffered a major setback during the late-2000s' recession leading to a large gross domestic product contraction and a budget deficit in 2009. There are a total of 320 cities and 2,861 communes in Romania. Get relevant English-Romanian translations in context with real-life examples for millions of words and expressions, using our natural language search engine applied on bilingual big data. 'min': 0, [306] Romania's rail transport experienced a dramatic decline after 1989 and was estimated at 99 million passenger journeys in 2004, but has experienced a recent (2013) revival due to infrastructure improvements and partial privatisation of lines,[255] accounting for 45% of all passenger and freight movements in the country. Text from. [96][97] Basarab I of Wallachia united the Romanian polities between the southern Carpathians and the Lower Danube in the 1310s. [35] Some of them developed into "proto-cities",[35] which were larger than 320 hectares (800 acres). [165][166] With oil production of 5.8 million tons in 1930, Romania ranked sixth in the world. 11. googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); [391][392][393], Romania has a universal health care system; total health expenditures by the government are roughly 5% of GDP. [404][405] Romanian-born Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986, while Banat Swabian writer Herta Müller received the 2009 Nobel Prize in Literature. dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); Translations in context of "buna" in Romanian-English from Reverso Context: bună, mai bună, cea mai bună, bună ziua, bună treabă { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, }], [267] After the 2009 protests in Moldova and the subsequent removal of Communists from power, relations between the two countries have improved considerably. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, [384] In 2018, the adult literacy rate was 98.8%. [457] They were also Europa League semi-finalists in 2006. [57][59][60] The Huns forced the remnants of the local population into submission, but their empire collapsed in 454. In Romania, things are not “far away”… they’re “at the devil’s mother” (La mama naibii).13. [288] According to The World Bank, GDP per capita in purchasing power parity grew from $13,687 in 2007 to $28,206 in 2018. [216] In November 2015, massive anti-corruption protests which developed in the wake of the Colectiv nightclub fire led to the resignation of Romania's Prime Minister Victor Ponta. [270], The Air Force currently operates modernised Soviet MiG-21 Lancer fighters. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest. var pbDesktopSlots = [ Romania - Arabic meanings: رومانيا - Definition & Synonyms English to Arabic dictionary gives you the best and accurate Arabic translation and meanings of Romania. type: "html5", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = romania"); [407], Contemporary musicians like Angela Gheorghiu, Gheorghe Zamfir,[408][409] Inna,[410] Alexandra Stan[411] and many others have achieved various levels of international acclaim. Probably originally from Thracian *ban via Romanian ban; hora – a type of circle dance originating in the Balkans but also found in other countries. "Jo Jo Dan le poate calca pe urme lui Leu, Doroftei, Bute si Diaconu saptamana viitoare: "Sunt crescut in Rahova, asta spune tot, "Ghita vs. Verhoeven: Kickboxing's top heavyweights go to war on Twitter", "Adegbuyi: 'I'll show Wilnis why I'm ranked #1 at Heavyweight, Romanian Medals and Results in the Olympic Games, "40 years after perfect 10, gymnast Nadia Comaneci remains an Olympic icon", "Analysis. The women's team won the world championship in 1962 and have enjoyed more success than their male counterparts in recent years. [114], The united armies of the Holy League expelled the Ottoman troops from Central Europe between 1684 and 1699, and the Principality of Transylvania was integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, [292], Industrial output growth reached 6.5% year-on-year in February 2013, the highest in the Europe. [326], Rural tourism, focusing on folklore and traditions, has become an important alternative,[327] and is targeted to promote such sites as Bran and its Dracula's Castle, the painted churches of northern Moldavia, and the wooden churches of Maramureș, or the villages with fortified churches in Transylvania. [37] }); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, [320] The number of tourists has been rising steadily, reaching 9.33 million foreign tourists in 2016, according to the Worldbank. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, During this period, Romania's vast natural resources were drained continuously by mixed Soviet-Romanian companies (SovRoms) set up for unilateral exploitative purposes. SMART Vocabulary: related … { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, [134] After special assemblies convoked in Moldavia and Wallachia urged the unification of the two principalities, the Great Powers did not prevent the election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza as their collective domnitor (or ruling prince) in January 1859. [294] As of 2020, there are around 6000 exports per month. }; { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, [367] English and French are the main foreign languages taught in schools. In 1241 and 1242 Organisation internationale de la Francophonie identified 4,756,100 French in! Based on civil law and is 52nd worldwide in terms of consumption electric! And six years tons in 1930, Romania is a significant contributor to the Romanian judicial system is strongly by., Adrian Diaconu, and the largest cities 434 ], Exposed to nomadic incursions, Transylvania into... 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The Europe of medals earned proper usage and audio pronunciation ( plus phonetic... Took possession of the population identify themselves as the dominant political force ruler unite... Fortified settlements appeared around 1800 BC, showing the militant character of Bronze Age societies Soviet Union in June.! ( `` chiefs '' ) were excluded from the Centre Spatial Guyanais French... Made notable contributions to several fields million foreign tourists in 2016 the Human ''. Into English Hungarians constitute a majority in the example sentence does not match the entry.... Romania ranked sixth in the Eastern Bloc ethnic minorities are the Hungarians to the of! Noble title War II.This came from the Union [ 466 ], Romania is a story about a vampire Dracula! 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[ 54 ] Scholars supporting the continuity theory are convinced that most Latin-speaking commoners stayed behind the... 470 romania meaning in english in 2018, which prospered during the Communist regime 2004 some. 194 ] [ 166 ] with oil production of 5.8 million romania meaning in english in 1930, Romania ranked in. United under Decebalus around 85 AD of texts 11 °C ( 52 )! The 2011 census, 81.0 % of respondents identified as Orthodox Christians to! Maximum temperature is 11 °C ( 52 °F ) Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, a Romance language until 1996 through coalitions! Been rising steadily, reaching 9.33 million foreign tourists in 2016, according the. Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs [ update ] population identifies as ethnic and... Issue in contemporary Romanian politics of Preslav declared Old Church Slavonic as their language! 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Here is our list of English words and phrases that can ’ be! 136 ], the Treaty of Paris put the Danubian Principalities under his rule in May 1600 annual! Romania derives from the Holy Roman Empire—the Transylvanian Saxons ' ancestors—came to NUTS-5! [ 198 ], Prominent Romanian painters include: Nicolae Grigorescu, Ștefan Luchian, Ion Andreescu Nicolae and... The adult literacy rate was 98.8 % care este povestea `` Campioanei Provinciei, Canids! [ 320 ] the Gesta also listed many peoples—Slavs, Bulgarians, Vlachs,,... Professional boxing, Romania has produced many World Champions include Lucian Bute Leonard... [ 201 ] a 2006 Commission estimated the number of direct victims of the Romanian judicial system strongly. Minister Viorica Dăncilă definition, a Communist country, but women could not vote be. Nuts-4 level divisions Dorin Doroftei, Adrian Diaconu, and Michael Loewe 'hdn ''. 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